The

Sustainable

Development Goals

SUSTAINABILITY - A term that we all have heard in our lives and that is becoming more important to us all. But what does it mean?

 

The United Nations Commission on the Environment and Development has defined Sustainability as developing in a way that "meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."

 

This means we all, on both a global and local level, need to have foresight in the way we use our resources, treat our planet, and live together harmoniously.

To help the world to achieve sustainability, the United Nations have created a global framework called "Sustainable Development Goals". Check out the video below for a quick introduction of them! 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you want to learn more about the Goals and what they mean, just hover over the SDG blocks below to learn about what the different targets of each goal are. If you want to see more you can also click on each of them you will be forwarded to the United Nations' official SDG website.

 

To help you navigate through the SDGs, just click on of the items below:

NO POVERTY

Targets

  • By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions
     

  • Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable
     

  • By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance
     

  • By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
     

  • Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions
     

  • Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions

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Sustainable Development Goal 1 focuses on achieving the absence of poverty. This is not solely a matter of the amount of money but focuses on meeting needs. Thus, poverty does not mean that one cannot buy what one wants, but that one cannot buy what one needs to survive.

GOOD HEALTH & WELL-BEING

Targets

  • By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births

  • By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births

  • By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases

  • By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being

  • Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol

  • By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents

  • By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes

  • Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all

  • By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination

  • Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate

  • Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and noncommunicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all

  • Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States

  • Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks

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Sustainable Development Goal 3 is all about our health, both physically and mentally. While sometimes it may seem that our physical bodies are the main focus of our health, many illnesses actually stem from the condition we are in mentally. As cognitive beings, it is of utmost importance to our health to protect and maintenance our emotional world.

GENDER EQUALITY

Targets

  • End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere
     

  • Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation
     

  • Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation
     

  • Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate
     

  • Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decisionmaking in political, economic and public life
     

  • Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences
     

  • Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws
     

  • Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women
     

  • Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels

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Sustainable Development Goal 5 focuses on one of the issues that have been with us time and time again: the equality of genders. With women being allowed to vote in all countries one would think that equality is well underway. However, when looking at the economy one quickly realizes that women are systematically disincentivized or even blocked from studying certain fields and holding certain positions. 

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AFFORDABLE AND CLEAN ENERGY

Targets

  • By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
     

  • By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix
     

  • By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency
     

  • By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology
     

  • By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States, and land-locked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support

Sustainable Development Goal 7 is concerned with Energy. While we have had an abundance of cheap energy through fossil fuels, it has also contributed to our current climate crisis. Although around 1 Billion people do not have electricity in their homes, the need for energy is steadily growing. We cannot continue to create our energy with huge negative consequences and need to find ways to transition to clean and affordable energy as quickly as possible without looking at the financial bottom line like we have done for so long.

INDUSTRY, INNOVATION & INFRASTRUCTURE

Targets

  • Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all
     

  • Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries
     

  • Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets
     

  • By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
     

  • Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending
     

  • Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States 18
     

  • Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities
     

  • Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020

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Sustainable Development Goal 9 is connected to our economy as well. It is all about changing the structure of our economic pillars, such as which industries are relevant to a certain place, in which direction innovation should go and how to focus it, and how we can create easier access to physical and virtual places. With the existence of the internet, we have been given an opportunity to improve the way we live economically immensely and we need to make the most of it.

SUSTAINABLE CITIES & COMMUNITIES

Targets

  • By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums
     

  • By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons
     

  • By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries
     

  • Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage
     

  • By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations
     

  • By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management
     

  • By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities
     

  • Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning
     

  • By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels
     

  • Support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, in building sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials

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Sustainable Development Goal 11, is not just about creating sustainable cities that are free from pollution, but more importantly to creating sustainable communities that are resilient to threats. In this, Goal 10 is a precursor as we have to create a harmonious society that shares resources and benefits one another. Understanding that we are better together than separate drives our march towards making cities more sustainable as well through making our physical structures our homes rather than just a collection of buildings.

CLIMATE  ACTION

Targets

  • Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
     

  • Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
     

  • Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning
     

  • Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible
     

  • Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities

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Sustainable Development Goal 13 is one that most people easily understand by now: that we have to take of our climate if we are to survive. While there are many efforts that have climate action in mind, this is quite literally a revolution that needs to start in all of our heads. We have to be more conscious about the way we live and start giving back more than we took  from our planet, if we want to mitigate the disastrous future we are currently heading towards. 

FROM MDGs TO SDGs

Background on the goals

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were born at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro in 2012. The objective was to produce a set of universal goals that meet the urgent environmental, political and economic challenges facing our world.

 

The SDGs replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which started a global effort in 2000 to tackle the indignity of poverty. The MDGs established measurable, universally-agreed objectives for tackling extreme poverty and hunger, preventing deadly diseases, and expanding primary education to all children, among other development priorities.

 

For 15 years, the MDGs drove progress in several important areas: reducing income poverty, providing much needed access to water and sanitation, driving down child mortality and drastically improving maternal health. They also kick-started a global movement for free primary education, inspiring countries to invest in their future generations. Most significantly, the MDGs made huge strides in combatting HIV/AIDS and other treatable diseases such as malaria and tuberculosis.

 

Key MDG achievements

  • More than 1 billion people have been lifted out of extreme poverty (since 1990)

  • Child mortality dropped by more than half (since 1990)

  • The number of out of school children has dropped by more than half (since 1990)

  • HIV/AIDS infections fell by almost 40 percent (since 2000)

 

The legacy and achievements of the MDGs provide us with valuable lessons and experience to begin work on the new goals. But for millions of people around the world the job remains unfinished. We need to go the last mile on ending hunger, achieving full gender equality, improving health services and getting every child into school beyond primary. The SDGs are also an urgent call to shift the world onto a more sustainable path.

 

The SDGs are a bold commitment to finish what we started, and tackle some of the more pressing challenges facing the world today. All 17 Goals interconnect, meaning success in one affects success for others. Dealing with the threat of climate change impacts how we manage our fragile natural resources, achieving gender equality or better health helps eradicate poverty, and fostering peace and inclusive societies will reduce inequalities and help economies prosper. In short, this is the greatest chance we have to improve life for future generations.

 

The SDGs coincided with another historic agreement reached in 2015 at the COP21 Paris Climate Conference. Together with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, signed in Japan in March 2015, these agreements provide a set of common standards and achievable targets to reduce carbon emissions, manage the risks of climate change and natural disasters, and to build back better after a crisis.

 

The SDGs are unique in that they cover issues that affect us all. They reaffirm our international commitment to end poverty, permanently, everywhere. They are ambitious in making sure no one is left behind. More importantly, they involve us all to build a more sustainable, safer, more prosperous planet for all humanity.

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The Sustainable Development Goals are a comprehensive framework to address our global sustainability transition. Here, you can see what their background is, what direction they are taking and what has laid the foundation for the future success of our combined efforts.

ZERO HUNGER

Targets

  • By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round
     

  • By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons
     

  • By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment
     

  • By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality
     

  • By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed
     

  • Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries
     

  • Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round
     

  • Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility.

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Sustainable Development Goal 2 is concerned with eradicating hunger in the world. While in some places there is an abundance of food, in most places food insecurity is a huge threat to communities. Still today, almost 900 Million people are not sure where their next meal is coming from and whether it will be enough to nourish them properly.

QUALITY EDUCATION

Targets

  • By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and Goal-4 effective learning outcomes
     

  • By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and preprimary education so that they are ready for primary education
     

  • By 2030, ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university
     

  • By 2030, substantially increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship
     

  • By 2030, eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations
     

  • By 2030, ensure that all youth and a substantial proportion of adults, both men and women, achieve literacy and numeracy
     

  • By 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development
     

  • Build and upgrade education facilities that are child, disability and gender sensitive and provide safe, nonviolent, inclusive and effective learning environments for all
     

  • By 2020, substantially expand globally the number of scholarships available to developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States and African countries, for enrolment in higher education, including vocational training and information and communications technology, technical, engineering and scientific programmes, in developed countries and other developing countries
     

  • By 2030, substantially increase the supply of qualified teachers, including through international cooperation for teacher training in developing countries, especially least developed countries and small island developing states

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Sustainable Development Goal 4 looks at providing education to our communities. As education itself is one of the foundational elements of providing a better livelihood and health, it is of crucial importance for the rest of the goals' surmounting. In this new age of technology we have an opportunity to increase access to education even in the most remote places and help everyone to attain the information necessary to be a valuable member of society.

CLEAN WATER & SANITATION

Targets

  • By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all
     

  • By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations
     

  • By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally
     

  • By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity
     

  • By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate
     

  • By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes
     

  • By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies
     

  • Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management

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Sustainable Development Goal 6 regards to one of the most important resources we have: Water. It forms the basis to all life and therefore, it is of absolute necessity that everyone on earth has access to it. But not just access to water in general, but to clean water that does not pose a risk when consumed. Dirty water is still one of the leading foundations of causes of death in both children and adults worldwide and many people do not have access to proper sanitation.

DECENT WORK & ECONOMIC GROWTH

Targets

  • Sustain per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances and, in particular, at least 7 per cent gross domestic product growth per annum in the least developed countries
     

  • Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors
     

  • Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services
     

  • Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, with developed countries taking the lead
     

  • By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value
     

  • By 2020, substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training
     

  • Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms
     

  • Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment
     

  • By 2030, devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products
     

  • Strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to encourage and expand access to banking, insurance and financial services for all
     

  • Increase Aid for Trade support for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, including through the Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Technical Assistance to Least Developed Countries
     

  • By 2020, develop and operationalize a global strategy for youth employment and implement the Global Jobs Pact of the International Labour Organization

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Sustainable Development Goal 8 looks at how we can create the economy of the future. While the economy has always changed based on the needs, we have neglected to place focus on the people in it and the livelihood that makes up a community's overall standard of living. With so many new markets opening that are radically different from previous ones, we have to utilize this moment to effectively and efficiently create an economy that works for the vast majority and that contributes to our general welfare.

REDUCED INEQUALITIES

Targets

  • By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average
     

  • By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status
     

  • Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard
     

  • Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality
     

  • Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations
     

  • Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions
     

  • Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies
     

  • Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements
     

  • Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes
     

  • By 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent

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Sustainable Development Goal 10 focuses on reducing the harsh inequalities we have created in the past. This wasn't always the case however as indigenous cultures understood that we are all equal and everyone carries value. There once was a tribe that had it all figured out. One day, the better hunters argued that they would deserve more than their fair share and started hoarding their meat in hidden caves. For the first time, there was not enough for everyone anymore and especially the weak, the elderly, or the sick were going hungry. We are that tribe and we need to work on understanding that we are all dependent on each other to survive.

RESPONSIBLE CONSUMPTION & PRODUCTION

Targets

  • Implement the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries
     

  • By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources
     

  • By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses
     

  • By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment
     

  • By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse
     

  • Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle
     

  • Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities
     

  • By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature
     

  • Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production
     

  • Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products
     

  • Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities

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Sustainable Development Goal 12 looks at how our products are being produced and how we  consume them. While our old principle of "take, make, waste" has worked out for a long time, it has had harsh consequences to our environment. We have to find ways to design our products to utilize recycled resources and be planned with the idea of disassembly in mind. The easier our products are to recycle, the more money we save, and the smaller the impact they on our environment. 

LIFE ON LAND

Targets

  • By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
     

  • By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
     

  • By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world
     

  • By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development
     

  • Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species
     

  • Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed
     

  • Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products
     

  • By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species
     

  • By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts
     

  • Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems
     

  • Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation
     

  • Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities

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Sustainable Development Goal 15 is the fitting twin to Goal 14 as it is all about protecting our lands. With record deforestation, species extinction, and land pollution, we are doing everything we can to destroy our own surroundings and all other life on earth. Protecting our lands is one of the most important things to start with as it affects many other goals. With keeping our lands clean and healthy, we have prevent the oceans from getting polluted through the conveyor belts of trash that many of our rivers have become. 

LIFE BELOW WATER

Targets

  • By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
     

  • By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
     

  • Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
     

  • By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
     

  • By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
     

  • By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation
     

  • By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
     

  • Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
     

  • Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
     

  • Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want

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Sustainable Development Goal 14 is of crucial importance to our planets ecosystems. The world's oceans produce around 70% of the oxygen we breathe, which is highly threatened by all the ways in which we have polluted them. Even in places where no human has ever been, once we visit them, we can already find plastic there. Our bad habits literally precede us and have detrimental effects on the future of life on our beautiful blue planet. Things like the great garbage patches are killing millions of animals that help to protect our oceans, which increases the speed at which they are destroyed exponentially.

PARTNERSHIPS FOR THE GOALS

Targets

Finance

  • Strengthen domestic resource mobilization, including through international support to developing countries, to improve domestic capacity for tax and other revenue collection
     

  • Developed countries to implement fully their official development assistance commitments, including the commitment by many developed countries to achieve the target of 0.7 per cent of ODA/GNI to developing countries and 0.15 to 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries ODA providers are encouraged to consider setting a target to provide at least 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries
     

  • Mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources
     

  • Assist developing countries in attaining long-term debt sustainability through coordinated policies aimed at fostering debt financing, debt relief and debt restructuring, as appropriate, and address the external debt of highly indebted poor countries to reduce debt distress
     

  • Adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for least developed countries
     

Technology

  • Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism
     

  • Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed
     

  • Fully operationalize the technology bank and science, technology and innovation capacity-building mechanism for least developed countries by 2017 and enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology
     

Capacity building

  • Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the sustainable development goals, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation
     

Trade

  • Promote a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system under the World Trade Organization, including through the conclusion of negotiations under its Doha Development Agenda
     

  • Significantly increase the exports of developing countries, in particular with a view to doubling the least developed countries’ share of global exports by 2020
     

  • Realize timely implementation of duty-free and quota-free market access on a lasting basis for all least developed countries, consistent with World Trade Organization decisions, including by ensuring that preferential rules of origin applicable to imports from least developed countries are transparent and simple, and contribute to facilitating market access
     

Systemic issues

  • Policy and institutional coherence
     

  • Enhance global macroeconomic stability, including through policy coordination and policy coherence
     

  • Enhance policy coherence for sustainable development
     

  • Respect each country’s policy space and leadership to establish and implement policies for poverty eradication and sustainable development
     

Multi-stakeholder partnerships

  • Enhance the global partnership for sustainable development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources, to support the achievement of the sustainable development goals in all countries, in particular developing countries
     

  • Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships
     

Data, monitoring and accountability

  • By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries, including for least developed countries and small island developing States, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts
     

  • By 2030, build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement gross domestic product, and support statistical capacity-building in developing countries

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Sustainable Development Goal 17 is the foundational element without which we cannot hope to achieve any of the others. As the name suggests, it focuses on understanding we are all in this together and have to work with  each other to make our world sustainable. This extends to all things such as forging good relationships with our neighbors and helping each other with facing our problems. In this, it is important to realize that while we may  have a short term gain in looking out for ourselves, the long term effects of this behavior have brought us to the overall problems we are concerned with today.

 

Collectively, we have to work on finding ways to make change easier and looking for what the best solutions are  in the  larger view, rather than being too focused on ourselves as individuals. 

By abolishing the thought of our differences and embracing our many similarities helps to create not only change for now, but lasting ones. 

Sharing our wealth and knowledge with each other without the sense of competition, but rather with the sense of collaboration, is the most powerful thing we can do to ensure that we achieve living sustainably and are providing ourselves, our children, and our children's children with a future that we are happy with.

PEACE, JUSTICE & STRONG INSTITUTIONS

Targets

  • Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere
     

  • End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children
     

  • Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all
     

  • By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime
     

  • Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms
     

  • Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
     

  • Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels
     

  • Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance
     

  • By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration
     

  • Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements
     

  • Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime
     

  • Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development

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Sustainable Development Goal 16 focuses on the systems we have created to ensure our safety, maintain peace, and govern the relationship we have inside our own communities and between different ones. While many of the things we have implemented are making life easier and better for everyone, especially in recent times they have been subjected to increased corruption. With political processes being what they are today, it is on us as citizens of the world to incentive change through our votes, no matter if in formal elections, or in conversations about both big and small decisions that affect more than one person.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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